July construction unemployment rates remain low
In July, estimated not seasonally adjusted (NSA) construction unemployment rates rose nationally and in 38 states, fell in eight states and remained unchanged in four on a year-over-year basis, according to an analysis of U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics data recently released by Associated Builders and Contractors (ABC). For the third consecutive month, all 50 states posted construction unemployment rates less than 10 percent.
The construction industry employed 201,000 more workers nationally compared to July 2018, despite a rise in the July 2019 national NSA construction unemployment rate of 0.4 percent, from 3.4 percent to 3.8 percent, according to BLS numbers.
“In July, most of the East experienced above-average temperatures, making outdoor construction more difficult,” says Bernard M. Markstein, the president and chief economist of Markstein Advisors, who conducted the analysis for ABC. “At the same time, major parts of the Midwest, particularly around the Mississippi and Missouri rivers, had above-average rainfall, which hampered construction. Although 12 straight months of year-over-year declines in the national construction unemployment rate ended in July, overall construction activity and employment remained healthy.”
Because these industry-specific rates are not seasonally adjusted, national and state-level unemployment rates are best evaluated on a year-over-year basis. The monthly movement of rates still provides some information, although extra care must be used when drawing conclusions from these variations, ABC says.
The national NSA construction unemployment rate fell 0.2 percent from June to July. A decline in the rate from June is the normal pattern since the data series began in 2000, with 14 decreases, three increases and two unchanged. Among the states, 25 had lower estimated construction unemployment rates from June; 23 were higher and two were unchanged.
The top five states
The states with the lowest estimated NSA construction unemployment rates, in order from lowest to highest, were:
1. North Dakota and Utah (tie), 1.2 percent
3. South Dakota, 1.3 percent
4. Vermont, 1.7 percent
5. Maine, 1.9 percent
All of these states except for Utah were in the top five in June. North Dakota and Utah tied for the lowest construction unemployment rate in July. For North Dakota, this was up from the third lowest rate in June and was the state’s lowest July rate since it fell to 0.8 percent in July 2015. For Utah, this was an improvement from eighth lowest in June and was the state’s second lowest July rate on record, behind a rate of 1.1 percent in 2015. The state also had the second largest year-over-year rate decrease of 0.8 percent, behind a drop of 1.2 percent in Montana.
South Dakota had the third lowest rate in July, down from second lowest in June. This was the state’s second lowest July rate on record, matching last year’s July rate and behind the 2016 rate of 1.1 percent.
Vermont had the fourth lowest rate in July, down from the lowest rate in June. Nevertheless, this was the state’s lowest July rate on record, matching July 2018.
Maine had the fifth lowest rate in July, down from fourth lowest in June. It was still the state’s lowest July rate on record.
Idaho, which had the fifth lowest rate in June, fell to ninth lowest in July at 2.6 percent, tied with New Hampshire.
The bottom five states
The states with the highest estimated NSA construction unemployment rates in order from lowest to highest were:
46. New Mexico, 6.1 percent
47. Michigan, 6.4 percent
48. Kentucky, 7.3 percent
49. Missouri, 7.6 percent
50. Mississippi, 8.3 percent
All of these states except for Michigan were also in the bottom five in June. For the third month in a row, Mississippi had the highest estimated construction unemployment rate.
Missouri had the second highest rate in July compared to fourth highest in June.
Kentucky had the third highest rate in July, an improvement from being tied with Mississippi for highest in June based on revised data (originally reported as the second highest rate).
Michigan had the fourth highest rate in July compared to ninth highest in June (tied with Illinois and Pennsylvania). After a rate of 5 percent in 2018, this was Michigan’s lowest July rate since unemployment reached 6.2 percent in 2001.
New Mexico had the fifth highest rate in July, compared to third highest in June. After a rate of 5.7 percent last year, this was the state’s lowest July rate since reaching 5.2 percent in 2008.
Louisiana, which was fifth highest rate in June, improved dramatically to 12th highest in July (tied with Arkansas) with a 5 percent construction unemployment rate.
Connecticut, which was originally reported as tied with Louisiana for fifth highest rate in June and subsequently revised to sixth highest (tied with Hawaii), improved to eighth highest in July with a 5.3 percent rate (tied with Pennsylvania and West Virginia). After last year’s 4.8 percent rate, this was the state’s lowest July rate since the rate was 4.3 percent in 2001.